rfc3986 (2.0.0)

Published 2022-08-26 17:51:51 +02:00 by guillem

Installation

pip install --index-url  rfc3986

About this package

Validating URI References per RFC 3986

rfc3986

A Python implementation of RFC 3986_ including validation and authority parsing.

Installation

Use pip to install rfc3986 like so::

pip install rfc3986

License

Apache License Version 2.0_

Example Usage

The following are the two most common use cases envisioned for rfc3986.

Replacing urlparse


To parse a URI and receive something very similar to the standard library's
``urllib.parse.urlparse``

.. code-block:: python

    from rfc3986 import urlparse

    ssh = urlparse('ssh://user@git.openstack.org:29418/openstack/glance.git')
    print(ssh.scheme)  # => ssh
    print(ssh.userinfo)  # => user
    print(ssh.params)  # => None
    print(ssh.port)  # => 29418

To create a copy of it with new pieces you can use ``copy_with``:

.. code-block:: python

    new_ssh = ssh.copy_with(
        scheme='https'
        userinfo='',
        port=443,
        path='/openstack/glance'
    )
    print(new_ssh.scheme)  # => https
    print(new_ssh.userinfo)  # => None
    # etc.

Strictly Parsing a URI and Applying Validation

To parse a URI into a convenient named tuple, you can simply:

.. code-block:: python

from rfc3986 import uri_reference

example = uri_reference('http://example.com')
email = uri_reference('mailto:user@domain.com')
ssh = uri_reference('ssh://user@git.openstack.org:29418/openstack/keystone.git')

With a parsed URI you can access data about the components:

.. code-block:: python

print(example.scheme)  # => http
print(email.path)  # => user@domain.com
print(ssh.userinfo)  # => user
print(ssh.host)  # => git.openstack.org
print(ssh.port)  # => 29418

It can also parse URIs with unicode present:

.. code-block:: python

uni = uri_reference(b'http://httpbin.org/get?utf8=\xe2\x98\x83')  # ☃
print(uni.query)  # utf8=%E2%98%83

With a parsed URI you can also validate it:

.. code-block:: python

if ssh.is_valid():
    subprocess.call(['git', 'clone', ssh.unsplit()])

You can also take a parsed URI and normalize it:

.. code-block:: python

mangled = uri_reference('hTTp://exAMPLe.COM')
print(mangled.scheme)  # => hTTp
print(mangled.authority)  # => exAMPLe.COM

normal = mangled.normalize()
print(normal.scheme)  # => http
print(mangled.authority)  # => example.com

But these two URIs are (functionally) equivalent:

.. code-block:: python

if normal == mangled:
    webbrowser.open(normal.unsplit())

Your paths, queries, and fragments are safe with us though:

.. code-block:: python

mangled = uri_reference('hTTp://exAMPLe.COM/Some/reallY/biZZare/pAth')
normal = mangled.normalize()
assert normal == 'hTTp://exAMPLe.COM/Some/reallY/biZZare/pAth'
assert normal == 'http://example.com/Some/reallY/biZZare/pAth'
assert normal != 'http://example.com/some/really/bizzare/path'

If you do not actually need a real reference object and just want to normalize your URI:

.. code-block:: python

from rfc3986 import normalize_uri

assert (normalize_uri('hTTp://exAMPLe.COM/Some/reallY/biZZare/pAth') ==
        'http://example.com/Some/reallY/biZZare/pAth')

You can also very simply validate a URI:

.. code-block:: python

from rfc3986 import is_valid_uri

assert is_valid_uri('hTTp://exAMPLe.COM/Some/reallY/biZZare/pAth')

Requiring Components


You can validate that a particular string is a valid URI and require
independent components:

.. code-block:: python

    from rfc3986 import is_valid_uri

    assert is_valid_uri('http://localhost:8774/v2/resource',
                        require_scheme=True,
                        require_authority=True,
                        require_path=True)

    # Assert that a mailto URI is invalid if you require an authority
    # component
    assert is_valid_uri('mailto:user@example.com', require_authority=True) is False

If you have an instance of a ``URIReference``, you can pass the same arguments
to ``URIReference#is_valid``, e.g.,

.. code-block:: python

    from rfc3986 import uri_reference

    http = uri_reference('http://localhost:8774/v2/resource')
    assert uri.is_valid(require_scheme=True,
                        require_authority=True,
                        require_path=True)

    # Assert that a mailto URI is invalid if you require an authority
    # component
    mailto = uri_reference('mailto:user@example.com')
    assert uri.is_valid(require_authority=True) is False

Alternatives
------------

- `rfc3987 <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/rfc3987/1.3.4>`_

  This is a direct competitor to this library, with extra features,
  licensed under the GPL.

- `uritools <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/uritools/0.5.1>`_

  This can parse URIs in the manner of RFC 3986 but provides no validation and
  only recently added Python 3 support.

- Standard library's `urlparse`/`urllib.parse`

  The functions in these libraries can only split a URI (valid or not) and
  provide no validation.

Contributing
------------

This project follows and enforces the Python Software Foundation's `Code of
Conduct <https://www.python.org/psf/codeofconduct/>`_.

If you would like to contribute but do not have a bug or feature in mind, feel
free to email Ian and find out how you can help.

The git repository for this project is maintained at
https://github.com/python-hyper/rfc3986

.. _RFC 3986: https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/rfc3986/
.. _Apache License Version 2.0: https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0


Requirements

Requires Python: >=3.7
Details
PyPI
2022-08-26 17:51:51 +02:00
71
Ian Stapleton Cordasco
Apache 2.0
31 KiB
Assets (1)
Versions (1) View all
2.0.0 2022-08-26